V.NEWS FROM SUB-GROUPS

SOIL FORMATION IN KARST AREA
(Kazuko Urushibara-Yoshino Japan)

 

The  business meetings of IGCP 299 "Geology , Climate , Hydrology and  Karst Formation" held at Guilin , Guangxi , China during the field seminar from July 7 to Aug. 1st ,  1991 , agreed upon the establishment of new  sub-group  on  "Soil Formation  in  Karst  Areas", which has been proposed  by  Kazuko  Urushibara-Yoshino, Japan, and David Gillieson, Australia.
The aims of the new sub-group are as follows:
(1)  Estimation  of  the  age of paleo-soils in  karst  areas  using  iron crystalinities.
(2) The classification of paleo-soils which are estimated the ages by (1), and their comparison of properties in the karst areas.
(3) Study on human activities on the soil formation in the karst areas.
For the classification of soils for (2), mainly the methods of  FAO/UNESCO and  Soil Taxonomy will be used. If it is necessary, we have to use the other methods.

Organization of subgroup "Soil Formation in Karst Areas"

Leader: Kazuko URUSHIBARA-YOSHINO
Department of Natural Sciences
Komazawa University
Komazawa 1-23-1, Setagayaku, Tokyo, 154, Japan
Tel:81-3-3418-9325, Fax:81-3-3418-9126

Sub-Leader: David GILLIESON
Department of Geography
Australian Defence Force Academy
Campbell, ACT2600, Australia
Tel:62-68-8312, Fax:62-47-0702

Members: Yuan Daoxian
Institute of Karst Geology
Guilin, Guangxi , China 541004
Tel:86-773-445151 ext.296,540, Fax:86-773-443708

Ivan GAMS
Department of Geography
University Edvarda Kardelja of Ljubljana
Askerceva 12/II, 61000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Tel:38-61-332611

Ugo SAURO
Department of Geography
Padova University
Via del Santo 26, Padova, Italy
Tel:39-49-8756333, Fax:39-49-8754213

Worosuprojo SURATMA
Faculty of Geography
Gadjah Mada University
Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Tel:62-274-88688 ext.261

 

WORLD KARST MAP

Denes Balazs (Hungary)

The  Hungarian group of IGCP 299 is working on a world-wide  inventary of karst areas and caves. It was compiled a form for obtaining numerical data of karst regions and caves of different types and was sent about 80 countries and karst researchers.
Obtaining data from smaller developed countries is relatively easy.  There are problems with the big "karst empires" as the United States and the  Soviet Union. In the US there is no central bureau of karst research , the data are in hands of different individuals , universities , and hundreds of  local caving group of enthusiasts organized in "grottoes". But we got a valuable assistance from Prof . William B ,White , Pennsylvania State University , participant in  IGCP 299 ,  who organized also a working group from various parts of United  States , and  we hope , that the karst and caves inventary for US will be ready in  this year  by help of the National Speleological Society. In the Soviet  Union the problems  are similar , here we asked Prof.. K.A.Gorbunova , Perm University ,  and Prof. V. N Dublyansky ,  president  of  Karst  Committee ,  Ukrainian  Academy  of Sciences ,  also participants of IGCP 299 , for mediation between the  different karst  institutions  and researchers in the USSR. The  third  biggest  "karst-empire" is China , but we got already the necessary informations from Prof. Yuan Daoxian , the Institute of Karst Geology , Guilin. In these 3 countries are  the 55% of the world karst areas.
Before completing our karst data bank, we publish the questionary asking anybody to  help our work. In spite of our repeated request we  did  not  get answer  from  the following countries: Albania , Algeria ,  Australia , Belgium, Bolivia , Brazil , Burma, Colombia , Czechoslovakia , Denmark , Germany , Greece , Guatemalam, Iran,Libya, Morocco , New Zealand ,Pakistan ,Poland ,Tunisia ,Venezuela. Anybody are familiar with the karst areas of the  above  mentioned countries , are requested with grateful respects to help us with  informations.
Please contact: Dr.Denes Balazs, H-2030, Erd, Sard utca 45, Hungary.
Many thanks for the helpful assistance.

 

Qestionary                                                                   Country :..…....…....…..

1. Naked (bare) carbonate karst (limestone , dolomite )                             ..…..km2
2. Covered carbonate karst (cover less than 50m ), if available                 ..…..km2
3. Buried carbonate karst (cover more than 50m ), if available                  ..…..km2
4. Know caves (by local people )in carbonate rocks ,
approximate number                                                                                    ..…..km2
5. Survey (mapped) caves of No. 4 , (a ) number of caves
(b) total length ( horizontal + vertical )                                                       ..…..km2
6. Area of salt ( halite ) karst                                                                       ..…..km2
7. Area of gypsum (calcium sulfate ) karst                                                   ..…..km2
8. Surveyed ( mappd ) caves in gypsum karst (a) number ,
(b) total length                                                                                              ..…..km2
9. Surveyed ( mappd ) caves in volcanic karst (a) number ,
(b) total length                                                                                              ..…..km2
10.The most important contiguous carbonate karst areas (region ) of the country :

geographical name    area ( km2 )   age of rock      main type#       number of known caves
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………     
…………………             ………….      …………        …………              ………………………       

# 1. lowland , 2. middle mountaineous , 3. high mountain , 4. low plateau , 5. high plateau , 6. other ( please specify ) .

Data supplier is requested to enclose a map of country with the geogrphical distribution of karst areas , if available .

Date …………………….                                             data supplier ………………………….

 

                              1            2          3          4         5        6       7       8                    9

EuROPA/EUROPE
Ausztria/Austria           88854    14810     16.7   9500      1200#   126    0.64     81   F.Bauer , J.zotl , D.Balázs
Bulgária/Bulgaria        110912  25170      22.7   8000     1200#   150    0.31    48   M.Markowicz et al.
Franciaország/France  547026  80000#   14.6    28000   3200#   114    0.35    40   C.Chabert , D.Balázs
Irország/Ireland          70283      1000        1.4      650        30          46     0.65    30   T.Fogg
Jugoszlávia/                   255804   72470     28.0   20000   1800#    90     0.28   25    I.Gams, A.Kranic,
Yugoslavia                                                                                                                         D.Gavrivolic
Magyarország/              93032      1400       1.5       2600       220#     85    1.85   157  T.K.Bolner , D.Balázs
Hungary
Naby-Britannia/           244046   155201     6.4      2710      632     233   0.17     41    M.Sweeting , Hardwick
Great Britain
Olaszorzág/Italy          301252    51000      16.9   22500  4850#    216   0.41   91     P.Forti , F.Cucchi ,
                                                                                                                                           D.Balázs
Portugália/Portugal    92082     2800          3.0     1500       50        33      0.54   18     J.A.Crispin
Romania/Rumania      257500   5000          2.0    10500    1450    138    2.1     290    C.Goran
Spanyolország/Spain  504782   110000    21.8    20000   5000    250   0.18     45    A.Eraso , J.Lario
Svájc/Switzerland       41293     10000       24.5    4500       530     118    0.45    53    T.Bitterli, R.Bernasconi
                                                                                                                                           D.Balázs
Svédország/Sweden   449964     48702       1.1        220        23     1045  0.05      5     G.Isacsson

EUROPAN KIVULI ORSZAGOK –OTHER COUNTRIES
Kina/China                  9596961   907000    9.5      2836      1392    491  0.003  1.5     Yuan Daoxian
Indonézia /                  2027087    160000   7.9       500         100#   200    0.003  0.6    S.Darsoprajitno ,
Indonesia                                                                                                                              D.Balázs
Fulop-szigetek            300000      26500     8.8       100#         50#    500    0.004  2.0     D.Balázs
Philippines
Dél-Korea                  98500          18622    18.9     131         57       435   0.007  3.1      Kyung Sik Woo
Rep. Of Korea
Izrael/Israel               20770           8000       38.5     200         50      250    0.025  6.2     A. Frumkin
Kanada/Canada        9976139    900000     9.0       500        100    200  0.0006  0.1      D.Ford
Mexiko/Mexico     1972547     292700    14.8     1200     700#   583   0.004    2.4     J.G.Palacios Vargas
Dél -afrikai Koz-    1221037      210002    1.7        260       110     423   0.012    5. 3   J.Martini
Tarsaság/Rep. Of South Africa   

                            1               2          3         4          5       6        7        8                   9

# számitott vagy becsult adat ( estimated ) 1. fluviokarszttal egyutt ( with fluvio karst ) , 2. Nyilt és

fedett karszt egyutt ( bare and covered karst )


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