自然资源部岩岩溶动力学重点实验室

PART V KARST SOILS-QUESTIONNAIRE

1995-07-10KDL 1534

PART  V    KARST SOILS-QUESTIONNAIRE

 

INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGICAL CORRELATION PROGRAM
PROJECT #299:"GEOLOGY, CLIMATE, HYDROLOGYAND KARST 
FORMATION" SUB-PROGRAM ON KARST SOILS - QUESTIONNAIRE

Dear Colleague

During the Guilin field seminar of 1991 the establishment of a new sub-group on "Soil Formation in Karst Areas" was approved. The aims of this sub-group are as follows:

1 Estimation of the age of palaeosols in karst areas using iron crystallinity. 
2 The classification of karst soils and the comparison of soil properties between karst areas. 
3 The effects of human activities on soil dynamics in karst areas.

This questionnaire is the first attempt by the sub-group to survey karst soi ls globally. We hope to analyse the data supplied to address the following quest ions:

1 What are the different kinds of soils on carbonate rocks and w hat is t heir global distribution? What is the correlation of   
   those soil types with clima te and lithology? 
2 What erosional processes are active on those karst soils, and how do those processes relate to the karst environmental
   complex defined by landforms, lithology, climate, vegetation and land use? 
3. What are the limitations of these soils for vegetation growth and crop production?

We are aware that for some soils not all of the data will be available. Just do the best you can. Hopefully this survey will identify deficiencies in our know ledge which the IGCP #299 program can address in a second stage program. Please provide data for one karst soil type on each form. Please photocopy the form for additional datasets.

We hope to present the results from this survey at the IGCP #299 meeting in England in August next year. If possible, please return the completed forms to David Gillieson at the following address by December 31st 1993.

Dr. David Gillieson,
Department of Geography & Oceanography,
University College, University of NSW,
Australian Defence Force Academy,
Campbell, ACT 2600, Australia.

Phone: 61 06 2688305 Fax: 61 06 2688313 Telex:ADFADM AA62030

Thank you for taking the trouble to complete this questionnaire.

Kazuko Urushibara - Yoshino David Gillieson

Leader Sub-Leader

1.SOIL CLASSIFICATION

DATA COLLECTED BY (person):DATE:

DATA COLLECTED FROM 
(source:author(s), year, journal or book):

1.1 FAO/UNESCO SOIL GROUP

 

1.2 U.S.D.A. SOIL TAXONOMY CLASS

 

1.3GREAT SOIL GROUP

 

1.4 OTHER SOIL CLASSIFICATION (please specify)

 

2.SOIL PARENT
MATERIAL

 

2.1 RESIDUAL SOIL ON CARBONATE ROCK

Yes/No (delete one; if no,
please fill in 2.5)

2.2 AGE OF CARBONATE ROCK

 

2.3 LITHOLOGIC FEATURES

 

2.4 % CALCIUM CARBONA TE

 

2.5 OTHER PARENT
MATERIAL OVERLYING
CARBONATE ROCK
(e.g. colluvium,
alluvium, glacial till,
loess, dune sand)

  

2.6 BRIEF
PETROLOGICAL
DESCRIPTION

  

3. LOCATION

  

3.1LATITUDE(degrees,
minutes, seconds)

  

3.2 LONGITUDE(dms)

  

3.3 ALTITUDE(m)

  

3.4 LOCATION NAME

  

3.5 PROVINCE OR STATE

 

3.6 COUNTRY

  

4. CLIMATE

  

4.1 MEAN ANNUAL PRECIPITATION(mm)

  

4.2 MEAN ANNUAL EVAPORATION(mm)

  

4.3 MEAN ANNUAL
MAXIMUM
TEMPERATURE( ºC)

  

4.4 MEAN ANNUAL
MINIMUM
TEMPERATURE(ºC)

  

4.5 MEAN ANNUAL TEMPERATURE(ºC)

  

4.6 MEAN ANNUAL
SOIL TEMPERATURE
(ºC) AT 10CM DEPTH

  

4.7 KOPPEN CLIMATIC TYPE:

5. GEOMORPHOL OGY AND
LAND USE

  

5.1 LANDFORM TYPE

  

5.2 VEGETATION TY PE

 

5.3 RELIEF(m)

  

5.4 RATE OF EROSION(mm/yr)

 

5.5 EROSION
PROCESSES(e.g.
sheetwash, rill wash,
gully formation, wind
erosion)

 

5.6 CAUSES OF
EROSION(e.g. natural
or human induced; if
human induced, since
what time?)

 

5.7 LAND USE

  

5.8 PRODUCTIVITY
DECLINE(tonnes/ha)

 

5.9 POPULATION
DENSITY(people/km2)

  

5.10 CONSERVATION
MEASURES ADOPTED

 

 

6. SOIL PROFILE DESCRIPTION

HORIZON

DEPTH(cm)

TEXTURE
(e.g. silty clay loam)

PH

COLOUR(Munsell notation)

              

7. SOIL PROFILE PROPERTIES 
                                                                                                     IRON CONTENT(meg/100g)

HORIZON

BULK DENSIY (g/cc)

ORGANIC
CARBON (mg/kg)

TOTAL
NITROGEN (mg/kg)

TOTAL PHOSPHORUS (mg /kg)

FeO
(Tamm)

Fe-d(Meh
a
Jackson)

Fe-t
(Total)

                    

8. SOIL EXCHANGEABLE CATIONS (meq/100g)

HORIZON

CATIONIC EXCHANGE CAPACITY

Ca++

Mg++

K+

Na+

                 

9. SOIL SURFACE PROPERTIES

8.1 AGGREGATE     
       STRENGTH(kg/cm2)

  

8.2 WATER INFILTRATION
        RATE (mm/hr)

  

8.3 TOPSOIL CARBON DIOXIDE 
      CONTENT

ppm by Drager or other instrument (specity); indicatedepth or horizon; month, year of measurement

  

8.4 SOIL   STRUCTURE

(e.g. platy, columnar, granular, crumb, massive)

  

10. PLEASE DESCRIBE ANY OTHER PROBLEMS IN SOIL CONSERV ATION
       OF THE AREA SPECIFIED: