自然资源部岩岩溶动力学重点实验室

Preliminary regional estimation of carbon sink flux by carbonate rock corrosion

2011-12-29KDL 1998

The formation of carbonate rocks has had a dramatic sink effect on atmospheric CO2 throughout geological time. The wide global
distribution of carbonate rocks and their strong sensitivity to climate change mean that carbonate rock corrosion consuming
air/soil CO2 can play an important role in the global carbon cycle. The carbon sink accounts for 12.00%–35.29% of the “missing
carbon” in the global carbon cycle. Using the Pearl River Basin as a case study, we analyzed comprehensively the factors impacting
karstification and the carbon sink, collected existing monitoring data, and established a regression equation incorporating corrosion
rate, annual precipitation, soil respiration rate and net primary productivity from typical observation sites. We used Arcview 3.3 
software to estimate spatially the atmospheric CO2 sink flux in the Basin’s karst region by combining the distribution of carbonate
 rock categories. We determined annual CO2 consumption due to carbonate rock corrosion to be 1.54×107 t CaCO3 a–1,
equal to 1.85×106 t C a–1.
Pearl River Basin, carbonate rock corrosion, carbon sink